- May 31 - King Library Opens at 1:00 PM
If you have interests in the history of Christians in Middle East, Africa, and Asia, The Lost History of Christianity is a great historical account of the Christian Churches in the continent. Philip Jenkins is a professor of Humanities, History and Religious Studies revealed important historical facts of Christianity in this part of the world that is not very well known to many. Professor Jenkins investigated in his scholarly research the roots of the church in the Middle East including the significance of its expansion in South East Asia, India & China. In The Lost History of Christianity Jenkins illustrated the Nestorians, Jacobites, Coptic, Maronite and other eastern Christian churches existence, roles, and their success in Middle East. These Churches were the pioneers in expansion of Christianity in the region, and they flourished and reached many parts of the Far East. However, the main part of the book is the topic of “decline” of these churches. The author contributed different reasons for the lost of the Eastern Churches including wars, hostility, and expansion of other faiths. Jenkins provided in depth details on the wars against Christians and the evidence is illustrated in many examples, such as the Armenian and other Christian genocide and the 1915 Assyrian Sayfo (the Year of the Sword) by the Ottoman Empire. Nevertheless, Jenkins emphasized and discussed the mystery of survival of these Christian communities in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia, and concluded the facts that violence and conquest were major reasons for almost the extinction of the eastern Churches. The author provided maps and tables in his book; in addition, there are bibliographical notes on each chapter and an index to assist the readers. In reading The Lost History of Christianity, you will discover an important historical part of the Churches of the East. This is an excellent scholarly source and not to be missed.
Encountering the term Mesopotamia in the news, social media, or even surfing the Web, is the reality of facing history and searching for the real historical facts. Then, what is Mesopotamia? Is it a nation, a civilization, a mystery, or is it an art? Realistically speaking, reviewing the history lessons would be the best rationale. Mesopotamia is the term that we have known in the history of the Ancient Civilizations, and it’s an integral part of the Near-Eastern Studies, Oriental Studies, Middle Eastern Studies, or even the Western Civilization. Mesopotamia is the modern nation of today’s Iraq. The country is also called “The Land between the Two Rivers” (Tigress & Euphrates) and it’s the Cradle of Civilization. The valley of Mesopotamia is the home of the great civilizations of Akkadian, Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians empires. This is the land where the alphabet was developed, art was flourished, inventions were created, and the first cities were built. It is the land of Hammurabi that produced the first laws of the land, and it’s the center of a first library in the world which was built here by the Assyrians in Nineveh. In today’s Mesopotamia (Iraq) the existence of the Great Ziggurat of Ur, City of Babylon, the Capital of Nineveh, the treasures Nimrud, and the Iraqi Museum of Baghdad are the witness of this great civilization. Today’s Mesopotamia is the transparency of the great civilizations to humanity and multicultural society with ethnic groups and languages. It is the home of many Arab speaking groups, Kurds, Assyrians Turkmans, Armenians, and others.